The Pine Trees are cultivated for the beauty of the landscape, the creation of privacy screens, as well as for the collection of wood. This Gardener article deals with how fast Pine Trees grow and provides some useful information about the fast growing pine varieties used for landscaping.
You knew that?
The slow-growing bristlecone pine (Pinus aristata) is the oldest living tree, with one of them existing in the Great Basin National Park in Nevada, which is about 4,600 years old. They grow in USDA resistance zones 4 to 8.
Trees are generally slow growers and take several decades to reach their maximum size. However, some varieties grow very slowly. For those of you who have recently moved to a new place and are planning to start landscaping from scratch, planting fast-growing trees is a practical solution.
One such tree that grows fast and makes an attractive specimen in the landscape is none other than the pine. They are the most common coniferous trees grown around the world, with about 100 species. They look amazingly attractive in the winter, and are used as Christmas trees, especially Scots pine, during the festive season. Let’s find out the growth rate of some pine species.
How Fast Do Pine Trees Grow in a year?
Different types of Pine Trees are used for different purposes in landscaping. They have evergreen foliage – the green leaves are preserved all year round. This feature makes them ideal for creating privacy screens, property protection and windbreaks (wind barriers). They also look adorable with their needle-shaped foliage. But one thing about landscapes is the pace at which they grow. Well, the answer varies from species to species and the growth conditions provided to them.
On average, the annual growth rate of pine trees is less than one foot to more than two feet. Thus, according to the annual growth rate, they are widely grouped into three types, i.e.. slow-growing Pine Trees, medium-fast-growing Pine Trees and fast-growing Pine Trees. Examples of slow-growing Pine Trees are the Virginia pine and the long-leaved pine. It grows to a maximum of one foot per year. Medium-speed growing Pine Trees grow about 1-2 feet per year, and examples are red pine and Austrian Pine Trees. Finally, fast-growing Pine Trees grow up to two feet and more per year.
Types of fast growing Pine Trees
Talk about fast-growing Pine Trees and Australian Pine Trees are usually on the list. Despite the name, this tall, tall tree is not a true pine species. However, it belongs to the genus Kazarina and is not related to evergreen conifers. The needle-shaped structure that looks like a pine foliage consists of articulated branches, while the true leaves are reduced in the form of a scale. If you want to plant fast-growing Pine Trees, check out the following varieties:
- Scientific name: Pinus eldarica
- Alternative name: Mondell pine USDA Hard
- Zones: 6-10
- This fast-growing, drought-resistant pine is cultivated for its evergreen foliage. Adapts well to sunny and alkaline soil with pH 7.9-8.5. At maturity, it reaches a maximum height of 80 feet and spreads to about 30 feet. When planted in a row, this variety of pine is excellent for marking garden borders. But, make sure you leave a distance of 15 feet or a little more between two Afghan Pine Trees.
2. Aleppo Pine
- Scientific name: Pinus halepensis
- Alternative name: Jerusalem pine USDA Hard
- Zones: 9-10
- The Aleppo pine tree grows to a maximum height of 40 feet with an almost equal opening. This pine variety is suitable for planting in a wide range of soil conditions and can tolerate slightly acidic to slightly alkaline soils. Requires less water after installation, so planting in xeriscapes is preferred. The lower trunk of the tree is deeply torn and has a bright orange color, while the upper part has a thin texture.
- Scientific name: Pinus strobus
- Alternative name: Eastern white pine and northern white pine
- USDA hardiness zones: 3-8
- A very hardy variety of pine, white pine is grown as a windbreak in the landscape. When planted with proper care, it grows at an annual growth rate of three feet and reaches a height of 50-80 feet and a width of 20-40 feet. You can plant it in garden areas that remain exposed to the sun. It can be grown in almost all soil types. In addition, the oval shape of the dome is another desirable feature of this species of pine. Therefore, it is valuable for growing in formal gardens.
- Scientific name: Pinus taeda
- Alternative name: Southern Yellow Pine USDA Hard
- Zones: 6-10
- Pine pods are a huge tree, valuable for its valuable timber. It grows to a height of 115 feet and is a type of southern pine that secretes yellowish resin. Thus, the name southern yellow pine is given to this species of pine. This variety requires clay soil with acidic pH (6.1-6.5) and full sunlight for optimal growth. In short, this fast-growing species must be planted with special care.
- Scientific name: Pinus elliottii
- Alternative name: Swamp pine, yellow pine USDA Hard
- Zones: 7-11
- Humid climate, sun and sufficient soil moisture are essential for the cultivation of this variety of pine. The recognizable feature of this pine is the extremely long leaves, which are carried in clusters of 2-3 foliage. The height of a mature pine forest is on average 75-100 feet and its area ranges from 30-50 feet. This tree is planted commercially to produce superior quality timber.
- Scientific name: Pinus sylvestris
- Alternative name: Scots pine USDA Hard
- Zones: 3-7
- In addition to the attractive, scaly orange peel and turquoise foliage, this evergreen tree grows rapidly. It spreads to about 30 feet and requires sufficient space for optimal growth. Scots pine trees is sensitive to pine wood filaments, which in severe cases, kills the tree. Therefore, before planting Scots pine, make sure you can include this variety of pine in your landscape.
- As you select fast-growing evergreen trees for your landscape, compare the growth factors of each variety with the prevailing climatic conditions in your area. For easy maintenance, preferably choose native varieties or at least those that can tolerate the soil and growth conditions in your area.